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The British empire has been interestingly obliging in finding high points and transitions. For example in 1898 Canada issued the below stamp. "We hold a Vaster Empire Than Has Been"

There are areas in red which were at that time part of the British empire "Upon which the Sun Never Set".  This was literally true. It was a peak. Never before had so much territory or as many people been united in one empire. Within  a few decades the Empire would sunder into  many fragments, which are in the process of further  splits.


Later the British coins spelled out the decline from Empire..  Up to 1947 the coins had on them

"D.G. Rex et Imp."  (Deo Gratia Rex et Imperator). By the Grace of God King and Emperor

The coins of 1948 said "Deo Gratia Rex"  By the Grace of God King.   Note the omission.

OK!   I will take your word for it.     It was no longer an Empire.  Of such little things the analysis of history can be made simple. If we look, these small clues tell their story with an emphasis louder than any might roar. 

Below is a chart that includes those civilizations listed in Table 2.




Below are the same cycles above but showing the state of various progressions  within the societies.

Note that this really is not an exact  repeating  cyclic event but more like a  upward spiral, with these factors

changing in each cyclic event.




1)   Quality of life:  Gross National Product population

2)   Area within empire: note this splits into independent administrative areas such as the E and W Roman Empires, 2 augustii and 2 caesari

3)   Laws: Number of laws, and respect for legislation; note respect is inversely proportional to numbers.

4)   Economics: Gross national product measured in fixed units,

NOTE: measure not in currency, but gold or silver (iron etc.)

5)   Morals/Customs: The social values, evaluation of worth, personal and religious basis for value systems, devoutness/cynicism.

6)   Sex dominance: male domination phases 1,2,3,4,5, and 8 female influence is found in phases 6,7,9, and 10 with reigning queens 7 and 9.10

7)   Trade: The ability to ship goods safely anywhere within empire and even between empires. safety of personal travel.

8)   Responsibility: Individual self responsibility (and reward), progresses to collectivism without individual responsibility and a link between behavior and result,. INCENTIVEI reward for behavior.

9)   Collectivism versus individualism: The introduction of welfare, or other forms of. governmental charity supported. from public taxation displaces individual charity, and destroys the self respect system.,

10) Generalist versus specialization: The cycle starts with generalists, who become more and more specialized until overspecialization with failing communications lea   to collapse of production.

11).Quality and Quantity: a)Art, b)Music, c)Crafts,. d) Production; the quantity...available increases while the quality first increases and then falls.

12) Religion: Formation of new religions phase 3,-devoutness and number of followers varies in pattern.

13) Civil Construction: Size and number of projects maximal phase 8, follows general curve.

14) Luxury: The free time for leisure class, increases with wealth of whole empire, allowing innovation, creativity.

15) Fraction near poverty: the distribution curve of wealth follows a pattern with extreme poverty in phase 1.

16) Philosophical motivation: a) Military, b) Religious, c) Economic d) Social, and repeat

17) Empire loyalty versus Nationalism, "The logic of empire" versus regional fragmentation.

18) Security/safety of individuals: Urban/suburban/rural: mobile population versus fixed population (movement of tribes such as Vandals, Goths, etc.)

19) Law enforcement: respect and efficiency, fraction of population involved, (police / military / court I jail system)

20) Privacy versus public intrusion:

21) Taxes:  As a fraction of production, status, wealth, and how spent.

22) Civil Service: the fraction of population on public payroll, (6% phase 6 to 15% phase 7; ditto mid phase 9)

23) Currency: Starts out 1)Gold, 2)gold/silver; 3)silver; 4)silver/base metal (copper or tin); 5)base metal alone; 6)base + script credit; 7)script alone then 8)collapse of currency system; return to gold basis.

24) Judicial System: 1)swift/ citizen/ local; 2)slow/ impartial/ for everyone but elite assumes control; 3 ponderous/ corrupt/ dis-respected/ priest - elite exclusion of people; 4) excessively slow usually unjust/ farcical/ parasitic on people.

25) Migration: from fixed because of insecurity of travel to individual migration to mass migrations of groups

26) Exploration/Adventure  peaks from phase 4 to ending in phase 9

27) Form of government (NOTE actual form not title assigned form): amateur; republic; professional; democracy/  mob ,  elite imperial ­oligarchy  nominal oligarchy without real control,  uncontrolled government by inertia (decline / anarchy and overthrow of nominal but  ineffective head of government.





ctd CH4 of 700 Yr ~ factors




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