There is much that needs to be said here. Unfortunately there also is MUCH too much that has been said that should NOT have been said. The truth of what happened circa 6 BC to 30 AD has been lost in a fog of lies, and well meaning distortions. Let us try to get just a few distortion out of the way.
For example who is the this person ? What was his name? I am amused at the millions of people who pray "in his name", but do not know what his name actually was!! Hint, neither the Aramaic of his time which he spoke in every day home life, nor the Hebrew which he also spoke - actually read and wrote, as he was an unusually well educated man, had a letter J in it. That got added in a poor or just plain mistranslation of his name into Greek. His native language also did not have a syllablant "s" sound but used an "sh" sound. Yashu ben Yoshef would not have answered to Jesus in his own time and place.
And when was that time an place? When was he born? Hint: it was not "Christmas". -in fact that is totally the wrong season of the year. "For there were shepherds abiding with their flocks at night..." -it was Lambing season or spring. In fact it was also Passover, and Joseph and Mary had come from their home in Nazareth to Jerusalem for that event. Joseph had provided a donkey for that trip for his very pregnant wife. Normally they would both have walked. And there was also a convocation 7 days later when Joseph had to be in his native city (Bethlehem as he was of the Royal lineage of David) to pay his head tax. So they left Jerusalem for Bethlehem and found "no room at the Inn" -- and wound up in the manger. Passover is NOT anywhere near Dec 25th which was a another bad calculation inflicted on Christians by a pagan about 200 years later in that they had miscalculated the shortest day of the year as Dec 25th, not Dec 21 or 22. Padre Pedros of Zoroasterism wanted to stack ALL religious holidays into one big blowout so stuffed Christ's mass in with other celebrations like Roman Saturnalia, Pagan Yule, and so on for convenience. It was not thought of as his birth time for centuries. That is a more recent corruption.
To cut through the fog he was born on the day of the Messiah when they light the central candle of the Menorah mid way between Passover and Convocation on the 6th of April 6 BC. at the city of David. How appropriate - as he was the heir to that throne, as was his father before him. The Romans were not kidding at all when they put up a sign (today corrupted to INRI) at his crucifixion "Here is King of Jews", --They knew who he was, and said so in no uncertain terms, not wanting to be blamed for regicide committed by the Sanhedrin. Pontius Pilot washed his hand of the whole illegal affair. But how do we know this? First the "classical" date for his birth is 4 BC, but that can not be reconciled with either the murder of the innocents in 5 BC, or the well documented death (murder really) of Herod in 4 BC. by his son Heordius Antipas. Those dates demand Passover 6 BC. The rest is just simple placing of Passover in that year.
"SABBATH" and "JEWISH/HEBREW" HOLY DAYS and "EASTER"
The Jewish day starts at sundown, the Night first, then the day.
For example the Sabbath (our Saturday) starts at sundown Friday and lasts until sundown Saturday.
There are also seven other high or holy days which are Sabbath as well as every "seventh day", or Saturday. These are listed in Leviticus chapter 23 and Exodus chapter 12, and are 1) Passover (pesach or pascha), the 15th day of the first month, called either Abib or Nisan, note The Days of Unleavened Bread runs officially seven days from 15 to 22 Abib (Nisan), but 14 Abib is the day of preparation to find and throw out all leaven, and to kill and prepare the sacrificial lamb, and is frequently listed also as the "first day of unleavened bread"; 2) Holy Convocation, The last day of the Passover, 22 Abib (Nisan); 3) The First harvest, or Wave Offering, or Pentecost; 6-7 Sivan (50 days before Rosh Hashanna) 4) Rosh Hashanna (Trumpets) 1st day of Tishri (in the fall about October); 5)Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) 10 Tishri; 6) Start of Final Harvest, or Tabernacles, 15 Tishri (Tabernacles runs from 15 to 22 Tishri) and 7) Solemn Assembly at the end of Tabernacles on 22 Tishri with "Rejoicing in the Law" on 23 Tishri.
The Passover starts on 14 Nisan (see Matt 26:17 etal) by killing a lamb whose blood is to be placed on the door jambs and lentil, with the lamb being eaten (totally consumed) that evening after sunset on the night of the Passover (15 Nisan) with preparation for the feast of the Passover being the first day of unleavened bread as listed in the New Testament.
Jesus was in Jerusalem to celebrate the Passover (Matt 26:2, Mark 14:1, Luke 22:1 and John 12:1) The tale starts at
Luke 19:1-28 and John 12:1, 6 days before Passover (or 9 Nisan), (John 13:1), spending Sabbath (Saturday) at Bethany (10 Nisan) with Mary anointing his feet there, entering Jerusalem 4 days before Passover "palm Sunday" (11 Nisan) (John 12:12). He cleansed the temple Matt 21:18©22 Mark 11, etc. and retired to Bethany on 12 Nisan (the third day before Passover. The Story is explicit starting two days before Passover (13 Nisan) (Matt 26:2, Mark 14:1, Luke 22:1) with the plot of the Pharisees to kill him before the Passover lest there be a riot if they acted on Passover itself (Mark 14:2). The "last supper" was eaten (Matt 26:17, Mark 14:12, Luke 22:39, John 13:4) on the night starting the day before Passover or 14 Abib (John 13:1, Matt 26:17 refers to 14 Nisan(or Abib) explicitly as the first day of unleavened bread, Mark 14:12 "when they killed the (lamb for the) Passover". After the dinner he retired to the Garden of Gethsemane (Matt 26:36 etal.) where the 11 fell asleep. He was arrested at night, very much contrary to Jewish Law, and brought for trial at night (again against their law), condemned (which required a unanimous vote, (Joseph of Arithema had dissented) (Luke 23:51)©i.e. the Sanhedrin violated law after law, the whole proceedings were a farce!)
In short he was murdered on 14 Nisan the day before the Passover.
We know he was to be in the tomb "three days and three nights" from his own statement ( Matt 12:39-40, Mark 9:31,
Matt 27:63, John 2:19-21, -this was well known at that time see Daniel 9:24-27 which also is explicit that he should be cut off in the middle of the week). Since we also know he was gone from the tomb Sunday morning, that implies that he would be in the tomb Thursday night and day, (we would call it Wednesday night, but remember that the night following the day is the start of the new day) Friday night then the day Friday, Saturday night and then day. He would rise late Saturday evening, after sunset and have been gone by Sunday morning early.
Point: Passover may NEVER fall on Friday - EVER! He could never have been killed on a Thursday preparation for the Passover, they do not exist. The Passover can fall only on Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday and Sunday. (Not Monday, Wednesday or Friday).
John 19:31 is explicit that Jesus was killed on the preparation day for the Passover.
The Passover (15 Nisan) fell on these days from AD 23 to 37 which brackets all possible dates for his death (14 Nisan).
23 AD 25 March Thursday
24 13 April Thursday
25 3 Apr Tuesday
26 23 Mar Saturday
27 10 Apr Thursday
28 30 Mar Tuesday
29 17 Apr Sunday
30 6 Apr Thursday
31 27 Mar Tuesday (note H.Armstrong says Thursday 25 Apr_)
32 15 Apr Tuesday
33 4 Apr Saturday
34 23 Mar Tuesday
35 12 Apr Tuesday
36 31 Mar Saturday
37 19 Apr Saturday
We know that his death can not fall on any day but Wednesday, with Passover on Thursday, so that leaves 23,24,27,30 (and perhaps 31)for possible dates. 23 and 24 are too early, and 37 and past are too late. Thus we are left with the possibilities of 27,30 and perhaps 31 AD.
Pontious Pilate - Procurer of Judea 26-36 AD, mentioned in his second year (27 AD) that John the Baptist was still alive, and being a nuisance.
Herod Antipas (who beheaded John the Baptist) was king 4 BC to 39 AD when he was banished by Calligula.
(He is not to be confused with his father Herod Antipater I who was king 37 BC to 4 BC - and who was friendly with Mark Anthony and ordered the killing of the innocents Autumn 5 BC, and died rather horribly March/April 4 BC).
John Baptist was killed per the Encyclopedia Britannica 28-30 BC which eliminates all earlier dates since Jesus was killed AFTER John. We also know that 6 April 6 BC was the date for Jesus Birth, that he started his ministry only when he was past age 29 (when he was an elder and entitled to speak freely in the synagogue) (i.e. past 24 AD) and he taught openly for about 3 and a half years, best fitting 27 by traditional dating, but not excluding 30 or 31 AD. If we were to put his birth at 4 BC as is classical protestant chronology (but which will not match the slaughter of innocents at 5 BC- i.e. 6 BC has to be right) this would better match the later death dates, but knowing the data about Pilate and John the Baptist this then requires that the 30 or 31 AD date be correct. For other reasons –he was killed on his birthday – and the day dedicated to the Sacrificial Lamb - it has to be 30 AD, and the stretch made by Armstrong to match 4 BC must be rejected. How unique, born and died 6 April, 6 BC to 30 AD.
The Roman Catholic Church is in the midst of a needless and divisive argument over celibacy. Paul was Celibate, and advocated his position, but he warned us that "Now speak I, Paul, not God...." thus telling us he was actually wrong, and opposed to God's will and he knew it. In case there is any doubt in the requirements for Bishop are clearly (Titus 1:6) set forth, - A Bishop must be "Married"," the Husband of one wife, "... with "children" which were Faithful. That has been ignored all too long, and settles the whole question permanently. By the way that also settles another matter: Women are not eligible to be Bishops.
Send mail to
questions or comments about this web site.